A stormy night in Fort Hall, Idaho, near Interstate 15.

[imgcontainer right] [img:trahantroad.jpg] [source]Mark Trahant[/source] A stormy night in Fort Hall, Idaho, near Interstate 15. [/imgcontainer]

I drove across the Northwest this past weekend, a 1,700-mile trip from Idaho to Seattle, returning via rural roads in Washington, and freeways in Idaho and Montana. Along the route I looked at places and wondered: How will life change during the Era of Contraction?

The most visible sign of a federal West (the one that’s frustrating when you’re trying to get somewhere) is that orange barrel on the Interstate highway. It seemed like every hundred miles or so (probably twice that in Montana) a new crop of orange popped up, speed limits went down, and crews were busy improving a road or a bridge.

But this may have been the last summer of such extensive road and bridge repair. (Unless President Obama’s jobs bill passes Congress, but I don’t see the votes for that.) It turns out that changes in driving and road building are good examples of contraction, the new era we live in.

Clark Williams-Derry from Seattle’s Sightline Institute has been reporting for some time that people have already begun to change their routines, spinning their wheels less.  He blogs that Oregon officials might scale back highway roadwork because gas taxes are coming in more slowly than expected. 

Williams-Derry writes: “(G)asoline consumption in Oregon and Washington has been pretty much flat since 1999, while vehicle travel flat-lined in 2002. In short, people are driving less; and it’s not just the recession. We warned that these trends could wreak havoc on highway financing. And in only one week, we’ve had 2 confirmations of those warnings.” (A note of disclosure: I am a volunteer member of Sightline’s board.)

Even when traveled less, roads connect the West. We’re tied together as citizens of states, tribal nations, as urban or rural people. Roads deliver trade to ports and people to remote vacations.

Yet as I drove through the mountains I wondered how small town life on that road will change when the U.S. Forest Service shrinks. Throughout my drive I saw log-cabin type buildings with a local headquarters. (Similar buildings are present for the National Park Service and the Bureau of Land Management.) Now imagine ten percent of those going away. Imagine the building mothballed because there are not enough federal employees to staff it. 

I also passed several dams, one with a security detail busy at work, watching me, watching them. What’s affordable? One less security car, one fewer maintenance procedures, one-out-of-ten dams gone?

The House Appropriations’ continuing resolution is essentially the budget that begins next week. At least in theory. But the line-by-line cuts reflect what’s about to hit small towns. U.S. Fish and Wildlife, a $168 million cut; state and tribal wildlife grants, minus $90 million; U.S. Forest Service, Capital Improvements & Maintenance, Legacy Road & Trail Remediation loses $39.6 million. And on and on.

Life will change in many bigger cities, too. Idaho Falls, Idaho, and the Tri-cities of Washington are federal nuclear enterprise zones. In the next couple of weeks hundreds of employees (and contractors) will start to get notice that their services are no longer required. The Tri-City Herald estimates more than 1,000 people will lose their jobs out of Hanford’s workforce of about 12,000. My bet is Idaho Falls’ situation will be similar.

Even military bases and contractors are getting ready for the what’s next. Politico reports that the automatic cuts (if the Super Committee does not reach a deal) would amount to a $950 billion reduction, meaning a reduction of about 150,000 Army soldiers and Marines. “No mission goes unscathed,” Poltico quoted a staffer saying. Those missions aren’t limited to the military. It’s the Forest Service, it’s federal support for schools, it’s everything, a restructuring of what we think a government should provide in services.

I pull into my driveway. The journey — orange barrels and all — was familiar. From my house I can see the interstate and a few cars and trucks moving north and south. Even if the road remains the same, the journey ahead is not.

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Mark Trahant is a writer, speaker and Twitter poet. He is a member of the Shoshone-Bannock Tribes and lives in Fort Hall, Idaho. Trahant’s recent book, “The Last Great Battle of the Indian Wars,” is the story of Sen. Henry Jackson and Forrest Gerard.

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